Nutrition & Diet for Healthy Lifestyles in Europe

Health benefits of physical activity with special reference to interaction with diet

I. M. Vuori *
UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland

 Short title: Health Benefits of Physical Activity

Keywords : physical activity, exercise, diet, non-communicable diseases, health


     Regular physical activity causes numerous and substantial performance-improving and health-enhancing effects. Most of them are highly predictable, dose-dependent and generalizable to a wide range of population groups. Many of the biological effects of regular, moderate physical activity translate into substantially reduced risk of coronary  heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, hypertension, maturity onset  diabetes, overweight and obesity, and osteoporosis. These effects also substantially reduce the risk of deterioration of  functional capacity. In  the genesis of these conditions, a lack of physical activity and  inadequate nutrition act synergistically and in part additively, and they  operate largely through the same pathways. It is conceivable to suggest  that the prevalence of, e.g, the above mentioned metabolic diseases is so  high in Europe largely because of the high prevalence of sedentariness  and inadequate nutrition. Thus, both physical activity and nutrition have to be given strong emphasis in policies, strategies and programmes that will be developed and implemented for improving the health of  Europeans.


* Correspondence :


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